My Free Patterns

I am still sorting out the blog entries for my free patterns, so there willl still be patterns that are not accessible. My apologies.

Wednesday, 16 March 2011

Merriment Doily

I chose the name Merriment because it is an easy and fun pattern to make.

I tatted the model in size 30 thread and the finished size is 11.5cm across or 4.5 inches.
At first glance, it appears that two shuttles are required. But, you can also do it with shuttle and ball. I wrote something about this in a much earlier post, here.

I started on another piece of this doily in two shades, solid and variegated, of size #40 thread. The finished size is 10cm across or 4 inches.
Thread used are Lizbeth #40, 623 solid and 127 variegated

The pattern

Begin with ring of R(4-2-2-4), reverse work (RW)
Chain, C(3-3-3-3), RW.
(*)R(4+[to past picot of pr ring]2-2-4), RW and C(3-2-2-3) FOUR times
Merriment Doily/Coaster Page 2
Designed by Jon Yusoff Nov 2010
R(4+[to last picot of pr ring]2-2-4), RW.
C(3-3-3-3), RW.
R(4+[to last picot pr ring]2-2+[to first picot of first ring]4). Do not reverse (DNR)
This completes a set of 8-rings cluster.
Switch shuttle (SS) and make chain C(4-6), DNR
SS, make a cloverleaf of R(6-3-3), R(3+[to last picot pr ring]2-1-1-2-3), and R(3+[to last picot pr
ring]3-6). DNR
(§)SS, C(6-4), DNR.
(**)(4-2-2-4), reverse work (RW)
Chain, C(3-3+[to middle picot of 3rd chain previously]3-3), RW.
Repeat step (*)
R(4+[to last picot of pr ring]2-2-4), RW.
C(3-3-3-3), RW.
R(4+[to last picot pr ring]2-2+[to first picot of first ring]4). Do not reverse (DNR)
Switch shuttle (SS) and make chain C(4-6), DNR
SS, R(6+[to picot of 3rd ring of pr cloverleaf] 3-3), R(3+[to last picot pr ring]2-1-1-2-3), R(3+[to
last picot pr ring]3-6). DNR
SS, C(6-4), DNR.
Repeat from (**) to make up 8 sets of the 8-rings cluster.
If working with shuttle and ball,
At step (§), make the chain C(4-6) with un-flipped double stitches.
Then RW, and make the cloverleaf.
RW again and make the chain C(6-4) with un-flipped double stitches.

Wednesday, 9 March 2011

How to estimate the amount of thread required for a project

I often receive e-mails from tatters asking how to determine how much thread is required for a tatting project.  Most of the time I would reply direct to the sender, but I think it would be best if I put this up as a post so that more people will have the information. My method requires very basic arithmetic so it should not put off anyone who is mathematically-challenged, :). This post may sound a bit academic in some parts, but what I am sharing is as how I do it. However, there is still some element of guess-timation in the calculation.

There are a few things to consider,
  • the size of thread that you are using;
  • the number of repeats in the pattern;
  • if there are lots of decorative picots and the size of the picots.
  • the length of the chains, and
  • the size of the rings.
Before starting my project, I pick the thread that I want to use and tat 10 ds with it. Then I undo the all 10 ds and measure the length of thread used to make that 10 ds, for example 5cm.

To estimate the amount of thread required, I first count the number of stitches in the rings to make one repeat of the motif.  Let us suppose that the total number of stitches is 280. Then, I count the number of rings in that one repeat.  Why number of rings? Because, the core thread of the rings can add up to the amount of thread needed.  Again, supposing that there are 10 rings in the one repeat.  Based on the size of the rings, let us assume that each ring will take up about 1cm of core thread.  Now look at the chains.  Chains uses the shuttle thread as the core thread.  Longer chain uses up more thread, so we need to give some allowance for chains as well.

Let us see what we have so far.

For one repeat of the motif -
There are 280 double-stitches. 
10 stitches uses up 5 cm of thread.
280 stitches will require (280 x 5) divide by 10, equals 140 cm of thread.
One ring takes up 1cm thread.
10 rings will use 10cm
We will assume that core thread for chains will take up about 8cm.
From these figures, we can add up the length of thread required for one repeat as,
140cm (ds) + 10cm (rings) +8cm (chains) = 158cm
If there are long picots or many decorative picots in one repeat, you'll need to take them into account too, say 20cm.
Adding the amount for the picots, the length for one repeat now becomes 158cm + 20cm = 178cm.

Now count the number of repeats that you will need.  Snowflakes will take six repeats but edgings will require additional calculation, which I will address later.

Assuming that the motif is a snowflake, then the total amount of thread required will be,
178cm x 6 repeats = 1,068cm or 10.68 metres, rounded up to 11 metres

Chains will be using up the ball thread to make the double-stitches, so we need to calculate this amount to get the total amount of thread to complete the project.

As with the rings, calculate the total number of double stitches in the chains, let's say 150 stitches per one repeat. Using the same measure of 5cm taking up 10 stitches, 150 stitches will take up
(150 stitches x 5cm ) divide by 10 stitches = 75cm.
Multiply that by the number of repeat (six in this example), 75cm x 6 repeat = 450cm or 4.5metres

Add the total for the rings and the total for the chains to get the total amount of thread to complete the whole project, 11 metres (rings) + 4.5 metres (chains) = 15.5 metres.

If you are making an edging with several repeats, it will be useful to determine how many repeats in total will be needed.  So after tatting the first repeat, I would measure the width of the tatting, lets say each repeat is 5cm wide.  Then I measure the outer edge of the piece where I will be attaching the edging to, say 120cm.
The number of repeats that I will need to complete the edging will be 120cm/5cm = 24 repeats.
The amount of thread that I may need to complete the project will be, 15.5metres X 24 repeats = 372metres.

What we have done so far is to determine the amount required for the shuttle thread for a shuttle-and-ball pattern.  Usually, I will add 50cm more, and make the first motif. At the end of it I will be able to find out if I am short of thread, just enough or extra. I make adjustments for the next motif for the shortage or excess thread.

Calculating for a two-shuttle pattern is a bit more involved because you need to know which part of the pattern uses thread from shuttle 1 and which part uses thread from shuttle 2.  Once this is determined, the same method can be used to calculate the amount of thread for each shuttle.  Having said that, for big projects I would just load two full shuttles at the beginning because I know that either shuttle, or both, will run out of thread before I even finish my project.

I am sorry if this appears all too complicated to some, but this is the method that I have been using and I found it not far off. But, I have an advantage in that I like maths so this is not really a problem for me, he he ..... and I don't know any other way that is close enough.

After that heavy reading, here is a picture of a pair of earrings that I made, while you catch your breath and maybe relax your mind a bit.

Friday, 4 March 2011

The Wedding Pt 2 & Singapore

Got all my material ready for the tatting to make the bunga rampai container to be used as part of the wedding gifts.

I made another design for the bunga rampai container.  This time I used a small cup/glass and designed an edging to surround the cup.

I tatted the same pattern for both green and purple but somehow it turned out differently when I place round the cup.  When I placed on the green one, it turned away from the cup.  Then I tatted the purple one and  place it on the cup it hugs the cup.  Now I am not sure which one looks better.  I plan to tat a smaller edging to place round the lip of the cup.  I don't have the design yet for it though, maybe I'll use the evergreen hen-and-chicks.

The thread that I will be using for this wedding project is Milford Mercer size 20 which I bought in Singapore.  I like the Milford thread because it is 6-ply. Over here, only the Cebelia has many colour choices, but thay are 3-ply and I don't really prefer tatting with 3-ply thread.  Getting the milford was not the only reason to go to Singapore, though.

Sheila, Jessica and me
I was not able to meet with Sheila when I was in the UK at the end of last year, even though I had planned to. As Sheila regularly visit Singapore, I decided to make the trip to meet her there when she wrote to say that she will be coming over. We agreed to meet in Spotlight, where I bought the Milfords.  As I also wanted to get some beads, Sheila suggested that we go to Arab Street for them.  That is where I got the green and purple beads.  I could have spent the whole day at Arab Street, if only for the beads and the findings and the notions, but that will have to be for another day.

From Arab Street we adjourned to Raffles Hotel for some tatting talk over tea.
Sheila and me at Raffles Hotel cafe chatting over tea
That was when Sheila brought out all the goodies.

Tatted hankie from Sheila
I received this pretty hankie from Sheila with tatted edging. Sheila then challenged me to produce something equal of her high quality work by giving me the pattern for the edging and a blank hankie.

Note: the tatting is not the edging for the hankie
Jessica showed a very pretty and delicate doily, about 10 inches wide, made with size 80 thread which I forgot to take a picture of.  I was ashamed to admit to both of them that I don't tat with size 80 much. Then there are these wonderful books by Pam Palmer.

Tatting Treats and Festive Elephants by Pam Palmer
That was one happy tatter who returned home that day, he he he ....

And happier still when, on the next day,  the postie delivered my pop-a-bobbin shuttle that I had ordered from Jane.  This one is in ebony.  This new pop-a-bobbin is slightly slimmer in size that the earlier one that I bought.  I like the new size better.